Помогите с запуском примера.

 
 
 
Сообщения:82
Здравствуйте. Качнул примерчик.
1: ???Как убрать аргументы из main класса и впрямую (to set parametrs manually) вбить параметры запуска программы в коде а не в cmd.??? Спасибо. Код Рабочий. осталось только сделать сказанное выше! И все! Помогите пожалуйста!
http://www.java2s.com/Code/Java/Development-Class/PlayPiano.htm
2: А вообще нужен мне (lib api + example) пример где можно записать музыку по нотам вида ABCDEFADSCDACS# с длительностью ноты.например 1/4 секунды или 2/4 секунды. и например сыграть аккорд. т.е одновременное звучание 2 и более нот.



/*
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 * and open the template in the editor.
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package j;

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2004 David Flanagan.  All rights reserved.
 * This code is from the book Java Examples in a Nutshell, 3nd Edition.
 * It is provided AS-IS, WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY either expressed or implied.
 * You may study, use, and modify it for any non-commercial purpose,
 * including teaching and use in open-source projects.
 * You may distribute it non-commercially as long as you retain this notice.
 * For a commercial use license, or to purchase the book, 
 * please visit http://www.davidflanagan.com/javaexamples3.
 */

import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;

import javax.sound.midi.InvalidMidiDataException;
import javax.sound.midi.MetaEventListener;
import javax.sound.midi.MetaMessage;
import javax.sound.midi.MidiEvent;
import javax.sound.midi.MidiSystem;
import javax.sound.midi.MidiUnavailableException;
import javax.sound.midi.Sequence;
import javax.sound.midi.Sequencer;
import javax.sound.midi.ShortMessage;
import javax.sound.midi.Synthesizer;
import javax.sound.midi.Track;

public class PlayerPiano {
  // These are some MIDI constants from the spec. They aren't defined
  // for us in javax.sound.midi.
  public static final int DAMPER_PEDAL = 64;

  public static final int DAMPER_ON = 127;

  public static final int DAMPER_OFF = 0;

  public static final int END_OF_TRACK = 47;

  public static void main(String[] args) throws MidiUnavailableException, InvalidMidiDataException,
      IOException {
    int instrument = 0;
    int tempo = 120;
    String filename = null;

    // Parse the options
    // -i <instrument number> default 0, a piano. Allowed values: 0-127
    // -t <beats per minute> default tempo is 120 quarter notes per minute
    // -o <filename> save to a midi file instead of playing
    int a = 0;
    while (a < args.length) {
      if (args[a].equals("-i")) {
        instrument = Integer.parseInt(args[a + 1]);
        a += 2;
      } else if (args[a].equals("-t")) {
        tempo = Integer.parseInt(args[a + 1]);
        a += 2;
      } else if (args[a].equals("-o")) {
        filename = args[a + 1];
        a += 2;
      } else
        break;
    }

    char[] notes = args[a].toCharArray();

    // 16 ticks per quarter note.
    Sequence sequence = new Sequence(Sequence.PPQ, 16);

    // Add the specified notes to the track
    addTrack(sequence, instrument, tempo, notes);

    if (filename == null) { // no filename, so play the notes
      // Set up the Sequencer and Synthesizer objects
      Sequencer sequencer = MidiSystem.getSequencer();
      sequencer.open();
      Synthesizer synthesizer = MidiSystem.getSynthesizer();
      synthesizer.open();
      sequencer.getTransmitter().setReceiver(synthesizer.getReceiver());

      // Specify the sequence to play, and the tempo to play it at
      sequencer.setSequence(sequence);
      sequencer.setTempoInBPM(tempo);

      // Let us know when it is done playing
      sequencer.addMetaEventListener(new MetaEventListener() {
        public void meta(MetaMessage m) {
          // A message of this type is automatically sent
          // when we reach the end of the track
          if (m.getType() == END_OF_TRACK)
            System.exit(0);
        }
      });
      // And start playing now.
      sequencer.start();
    } else { // A file name was specified, so save the notes
      int[] allowedTypes = MidiSystem.getMidiFileTypes(sequence);
      if (allowedTypes.length == 0) {
        System.err.println("No supported MIDI file types.");
      } else {
        MidiSystem.write(sequence, allowedTypes[0], new File(filename));
        System.exit(0);
      }
    }
  }

  static final int[] offsets = { // add these amounts to the base value
  // A B C D E F G
      -4, -2, 0, 1, 3, 5, 7 };

  /*
   * This method parses the specified char[] of notes into a Track. The musical
   * notation is the following: A-G: A named note; Add b for flat and # for
   * sharp. +: Move up one octave. Persists. -: Move down one octave. Persists.
   * /1: Notes are whole notes. Persists 'till changed /2: Half notes /4:
   * Quarter notes /n: N can also be, 8, 16, 32, 64. s: Toggle sustain pedal on
   * or off (initially off)
   *  >: Louder. Persists <: Softer. Persists .: Rest. Length depends on current
   * length setting Space: Play the previous note or notes; notes not separated
   * by spaces are played at the same time
   */
  public static void addTrack(Sequence s, int instrument, int tempo, char[] notes)
      throws InvalidMidiDataException {
    Track track = s.createTrack(); // Begin with a new track

    // Set the instrument on channel 0
    ShortMessage sm = new ShortMessage();
    sm.setMessage(ShortMessage.PROGRAM_CHANGE, 0, instrument, 0);
    track.add(new MidiEvent(sm, 0));

    int n = 0; // current character in notes[] array
    int t = 0; // time in ticks for the composition

    // These values persist and apply to all notes 'till changed
    int notelength = 16; // default to quarter notes
    int velocity = 64; // default to middle volume
    int basekey = 60; // 60 is middle C. Adjusted up and down by octave
    boolean sustain = false; // is the sustain pedal depressed?
    int numnotes = 0; // How many notes in current chord?

    while (n < notes.length) {
      char c = notes[n++];

      if (c == '+')
        basekey += 12; // increase octave
      else if (c == '-')
        basekey -= 12; // decrease octave
      else if (c == '>')
        velocity += 16; // increase volume;
      else if (c == '<')
        velocity -= 16; // decrease volume;
      else if (c == '/') {
        char d = notes[n++];
        if (d == '2')
          notelength = 32; // half note
        else if (d == '4')
          notelength = 16; // quarter note
        else if (d == '8')
          notelength = 8; // eighth note
        else if (d == '3' && notes[n++] == '2')
          notelength = 2;
        else if (d == '6' && notes[n++] == '4')
          notelength = 1;
        else if (d == '1') {
          if (n < notes.length && notes[n] == '6')
            notelength = 4; // 1/16th note
          else
            notelength = 64; // whole note
        }
      } else if (c == 's') {
        sustain = !sustain;
        // Change the sustain setting for channel 0
        ShortMessage m = new ShortMessage();
        m
            .setMessage(ShortMessage.CONTROL_CHANGE, 0, DAMPER_PEDAL, sustain ? DAMPER_ON
                : DAMPER_OFF);
        track.add(new MidiEvent(m, t));
      } else if (c >= 'A' && c <= 'G') {
        int key = basekey + offsets[c - 'A'];
        if (n < notes.length) {
          if (notes[n] == 'b') { // flat
            key--;
            n++;
          } else if (notes[n] == '#') { // sharp
            key++;
            n++;
          }
        }

        addNote(track, t, notelength, key, velocity);
        numnotes++;
      } else if (c == ' ') {
        // Spaces separate groups of notes played at the same time.
        // But we ignore them unless they follow a note or notes.
        if (numnotes > 0) {
          t += notelength;
          numnotes = 0;
        }
      } else if (c == '.') {
        // Rests are like spaces in that they force any previous
        // note to be output (since they are never part of chords)
        if (numnotes > 0) {
          t += notelength;
          numnotes = 0;
        }
        // Now add additional rest time
        t += notelength;
      }
    }
  }

  // A convenience method to add a note to the track on channel 0
  public static void addNote(Track track, int startTick, int tickLength, int key, int velocity)
      throws InvalidMidiDataException {
    ShortMessage on = new ShortMessage();
    on.setMessage(ShortMessage.NOTE_ON, 0, key, velocity);
    ShortMessage off = new ShortMessage();
    off.setMessage(ShortMessage.NOTE_OFF, 0, key, velocity);
    track.add(new MidiEvent(on, startTick));
    track.add(new MidiEvent(off, startTick + tickLength));
  }
}

Yn=Xn {n: 1, 2, ... 54}
Изменен:23 июл 2019 09:58
 
 
Сообщения:888
при запуске через IDE есть возможность выставить параметры.
или загружай данные из файла.
Изменен:24 июл 2019 03:52
 
 
Сообщения:82
windruf:
при запуске через IDE есть возможность выставить параметры.
или загружай данные из файла.


Вариант 1. Как? уже можно? А как это сделать? Можно поинтереснее... спасибо.
Вариант 2. Как например заменить строчку "char[] notes = args[a].toCharArray();"

я сделал так: // Parse the options


// -i <instrument number> default 0, a piano. Allowed values: 0-127
    // -t <beats per minute> default tempo is 120 quarter notes per minute
    // -o <filename> save to a midi file instead of playing
        int a=0;
        instrument = 0;   
        tempo = 120;
        filename = "1.mid";


т.е. отменил запуск кода как файла 1.jar с параметрами.
и теперь не знаю что сделать со строчкой №70
 char[] notes = args[a].toCharArray();
как ее дополнить помогите а?

Yn=Xn {n: 1, 2, ... 54}
 
 
Сообщения:888
public static void addTrack(Sequence s, int instrument, int tempo, char[] notes)

походу это туда
 
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